The Berlin airlift, conducted by the three western Allies, overcame this blockade by supplying food and other supplies to the city from June 1948 to May 1949. Berlin is an important center in the European and German film industry. [47] In 1815, the city became part of the new Province of Brandenburg. The metropolis experienced its heyday as a major world capital and was known for its leadership roles in science, technology, arts, the humanities, city planning, film, higher education, government and industries. Berlin has three major opera houses: the Deutsche Oper, the Berlin State Opera, and the Komische Oper. [45] Under the rule of Frederick II, Berlin became a center of the Enlightenment, but also, was briefly occupied during the Seven Years' War by the Russian army. In Lichtenberg, on the grounds of the former East German Ministry for State Security, is the Stasi Museum. From 1470, with the new elector Albrecht III Achilles, Berlin-Cölln became the new royal residence. In most of the inner districts of Berlin power lines are underground cables; only a 380 kV and a 110 kV line, which run from Reuter substation to the urban Autobahn, use overhead lines. Spandau is first mentioned in 1197 and Köpenick in 1209, although these areas did not join Berlin until 1920. Berlin's 2001 administrative reform merged several boroughs, reducing their number from 23 to 12. Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Pankow (the most populous), Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau (named Spandow until 1878). Polish, English, Russian, and Vietnamese have more native speakers in East Berlin. The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. [247] The Mellowpark in Köpenick is one of the biggest skate and BMX parks in Europe. October weather forecast for Berlin, Germany. [248] A Fan Fest at Brandenburg Gate, which attracts several hundred-thousand spectators, has become popular during international soccer competitions, like the UEFA European Championship. Climate Zones of the Earth - Subpolar Zone (4.) The Charité is spread over four campuses and comprises around 3,000 beds, 15,500 staff, 8,000 students, and more than 60 operating theaters, and it has a turnover of two billion euros annually. Its musical director is Daniel Barenboim. West Berlin's partnerships had previously been restricted to the borough level. There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Berlin. It is spoken in Berlin and the surrounding metropolitan area. [73], Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 22–25 Â°C (72–77 Â°F) and lows of 12–14 Â°C (54–57 Â°F). [62] Due to the fall in passenger numbers resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, plans were announced to temporarily close BER's Terminal 5, the former Schönefeld Airport, beginning in March 2021 for up to one year. [97] 48 percent of the residents under the age of 15 have migration background. The city has more than 10 stations[162] that run buses to destinations throughout Germany and Europe, being Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof Berlin the biggest station. A large crypt houses the remains of some of the earlier Prussian royal family. [190] The Berlin School of Economics and Law has an enrollment of about 11,000 students, the Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin of about 12,000 students, and the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft (University of Applied Sciences for Engineering and Economics) of about 14,000 students. The city's main venue for musical theater performances are the Theater am Potsdamer Platz and Theater des Westens (built in 1895). The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school. The largest visitor groups are from Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain and the United States. Germany > Berlin. The annual Berlin Festival focuses on indie rock, electronic music and synthpop and is part of the International Berlin Music Week. There are several joint projects with many other cities, such as Beirut, Belgrade, São Paulo, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Johannesburg, Mumbai, Oslo, Shanghai, Seoul, Sofia, Sydney, New York and Vienna. Over one-third of the city area consists of green space, woodlands and water. Future applications for broadband networks are developed as well. The creative arts and entertainment business is an important part of Berlin's economy. … The Westerlies bring cool moist air from the Bay of Biscay to Berlin. The Deutsche Oper opened in 1912 in Charlottenburg. Temperatures can be 4 Â°C (7 Â°F) higher in the city than in the surrounding areas. All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Berlin. In 1920, the Greater Berlin Act incorporated dozens of suburban cities, villages and estates around Berlin into an expanded city. Substantial parts of present-day Berlin extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley. About one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes. North Rhine-Westphalia In the north-west, the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia, which borders the Netherlands and Belgium, has a climate influenced by the ocean, so in winter it is the mildest area, but it is also humid and sometimes windy, while in summer it is quite cool (although sometimes there … According to Mercer, Berlin ranked number 13 in the Quality of living city ranking in 2019. The site of Checkpoint Charlie, one of the most renowned crossing points of the Berlin Wall, is still preserved. The Schaubühne was founded in 1962 and moved to the building of the former Universum Cinema on Kurfürstendamm in 1981. Other gardens in the city include the Britzer Garten, and the Gärten der Welt (Gardens of the World) in Marzahn. [210] In the 1970s and 80s the SO36 in Kreuzberg was a center for punk music and culture. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination. [200] The ensemble on the Museum Island is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is in the northern part of the Spree Island between the Spree and the Kupfergraben. Taschenkalender. [23] The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living. [20][21] Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. With an area of 43 hectares (110 acres) and around 22,000 different plant species, it is one of the largest and most diverse collections of botanical life in the world. Berlin weather forecast, current conditions, sunrise, sunset and climate information. An estimated 100,000 people turned out for the climate strike in Berlin on Sept. 20, 2019. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, many historic buildings in Mitte, the former city center of East Berlin, were illegally occupied and rebuilt by young squatters and became a fertile ground for underground and counterculture gatherings. As of 2015[update] the five largest power plants measured by capacity are the Heizkraftwerk Reuter West, the Heizkraftwerk Lichterfelde, the Heizkraftwerk Mitte, the Heizkraftwerk Wilmersdorf, and the Heizkraftwerk Charlottenburg. [173], From 1865 until 1976 Berlin had an extensive pneumatic postal network, which at its peak in 1940, totaled 400 kilometers in length. 4th Issue of the Series Climate Zones of the Earth; Mintmark A - Berlin; Mintage max. The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is also at Unter den Linden. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. The expanded Deutsches Historisches Museum reopened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history spanning more than a millennium. [52] In fields such as architecture, painting and cinema new forms of artistic styles were invented. The KitKatClub and several other locations are known for their sexually uninhibited parties. In Germany, Fridays for Future protests have moved beyond a children's rally. [38], The Thirty Years' War between 1618 and 1648 devastated Berlin. [124], Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. The month with shortest days is December (Average daylight: 7.8h). St. Hedwig's Cathedral is Berlin's Roman Catholic cathedral. The most-commonly-spoken foreign languages in Berlin are Turkish, Polish, English, Arabic, Italian, Bulgarian, Russian, Romanian, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian, French, Spanish and Vietnamese. In 2014 the German capital registered a migration surplus of approximately 40,000 people.[92]. Northwestern and coastal Germany have a maritime climate caused by warm westerly winds from the North Sea; the climate is characterized by warm summers and mild cloudy winters. Among them are the German Heart Center, one of the most renowned transplantation centers, the Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine and the Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics. Monthly weather forecast and climate for Berlin, Germany. [56] In 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was founded in West Germany and eventually included all of the American, British and French zones, excluding those three countries' zones in Berlin, while the Marxist-Leninist German Democratic Republic was proclaimed in East Germany. 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